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For any artist, the motivation—the ‘eye of the tiger’—is extremely important. And Britney had that. Spears had originally envisioned ” Sheryl Crow music, but younger; more adult contemporary”. She felt secure with her label’s appointment of producers, since “It made more sense to go pop, because I can dance to it—it’s more me.

Her show was a four-song set and she was accompanied by two back-up dancers. Baby One More Time , was released on January 12, Billboard and was certified two-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America after a month.

Worldwide, the album topped the charts in fifteen countries and sold over 10 million copies in a year. Baby One More Time” was released as the lead single from the album. Originally, Jive Records wanted its music video to be animated; however, Spears rejected it, and suggested the final concept of a Catholic schoolgirl.

It has sold more than 10 million copies, making it one of the best-selling singles of all time. Baby One More Time album. The album has sold 25 million copies worldwide, [45] [46] making it one of the best-selling albums of all time.

It is the best-selling debut album by any artist. On June 28, , Spears began her first headlining Spears premiered songs from her upcoming second album during the show. It debuted at number one in the US, selling 1. Rob Sheffield of Rolling Stone said that “the great thing about Oops!

The same year, Spears embarked on the Oops! Halfway through the performance, she ripped off her black suit to reveal a sequined flesh-colored bodysuit, followed by heavy dance routine.

It is noted by critics as the moment that Spears showed signs of becoming a more provocative performer. While on tour, she felt inspired by hip hop artists such as Jay-Z and The Neptunes and wanted to create a record with a funkier sound. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic called Britney “the record where she strives to deepen her persona, making it more adult while still recognizably Britney.

It does sound like the work of a star who has now found and refined her voice, resulting in her best record yet.

Spears’s performance of the single at the MTV Video Music Awards featured a caged tiger wrangled by Bhagavan Antle and a large albino python draped over her shoulders.

Although the film was largely panned, critics praised Spears’s acting and the film was a box office success. In June , Spears opened her first restaurant, Nyla, in New York City, but terminated her relationship in November, citing mismanagement and “management’s failure to keep her fully apprised”.

The music video featured a Spears look-alike and fueled the rumors that she had been unfaithful to him. However, Spears denied Durst’s claims. In a interview, he explained that “I just guess at the time it was taboo for a guy like me to be associated with a gal like her.

Halfway through they were joined by Madonna, with whom they both kissed. The incident was highly publicized. In , MTV listed the performance as the number-one opening moment in the history of MTV Video Music Awards, [87] while Blender magazine cited it as one of the twenty-five sexiest music moments on television history. She assumed more creative control by writing and co-producing most of the material. NPR listed the album as one of “The 50 Most Important Recording of the Decade”, adding that “the decade’s history of impeccably crafted pop is written on her body of work.

The marriage was annulled 55 hours later, following a petition to the court that stated that Spears “lacked understanding of her actions”. Spears underwent arthroscopic surgery. She was forced to remain six weeks with a thigh brace, followed by eight to twelve weeks of rehabilitation, which caused The Onyx Hotel Tour to be canceled. In July , Spears became engaged to dancer Kevin Federline , whom she had met three months earlier. The romance was the subject of intense media attention, since Federline had recently broken up with actress Shar Jackson , who was still pregnant with their second child at the time.

Spears later referred to the show in a interview as “probably the worst thing I’ve done in my career”. Shortly after, she released her first perfume, Curious , with Elizabeth Arden , which broke the company’s first-week gross for a perfume.

The second single, ” Do Somethin’ “, was a top ten hit in Australia, the United Kingdom, and other countries of mainland Europe. In February , pictures surfaced of Spears driving with her son, Sean, on her lap instead of in a car seat. Child advocates were horrified by the photos of her holding the wheel with one hand and Sean with the other. Spears claimed that the situation happened because of a frightening encounter with paparazzi, and that it was a mistake on her part. Spears’s maternal aunt Sandra Bridges Covington, with whom she had been very close, died of ovarian cancer in January The following night, she shaved her head with electric clippers at a hair salon in Tarzana, Los Angeles.

She admitted herself to other treatment facilities during the following weeks. The reasons of the court ruling were not revealed to the public. In October , Spears released her fifth studio album, Blackout. The album debuted atop the charts in Canada and Ireland, at number two in the U. In the United States, it was Spears’s first album not to debut at number one, although, she did become the only female artist to have her first five studio albums debut at the two top slots of the chart.

The performance was widely panned by critics. The third single ” Break the Ice ” was released the following year, [] and respectively reached numbers 7 and 9 in Ireland and Canada. In January , Spears refused to relinquish custody of her sons to Federline’s representatives. She was hospitalized at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center after police that had arrived at her house noted she appeared to be under the influence of an unidentified substance.

The following day, Spears’s visitation rights were suspended at an emergency court hearing, and Federline was given sole physical and legal custody of their sons. The court placed her under a conservatorship led by her father, Jamie Spears , and attorney Andrew Wallet, giving them complete control of her assets. She received positive reviews for her performance, as well as bringing the series its highest ratings ever. It was the highest rating in its Sunday night timeslot and in the network’s history.

In December , Spears’s sixth studio album Circus was released. It received positive reviews from critics [] and debuted at number one in Canada, Czech Republic and the United States, and within the top ten in many European nations. Baby One More Time”.

In January , Spears and her father obtained a restraining order against her former manager Sam Lutfi, ex-boyfriend Adnan Ghalib, and attorney Jon Eardley, all of whom had been accused of conspiring to gain control of Spears’s affairs. With a gross of U.

The album’s lead and only single, ” 3 “, became her third number-one single in the U. In May , Spears’s representatives confirmed she was dating her agent, Jason Trawick, and that they had decided to end their professional relationship to focus on their personal relationship. In March , Spears released her seventh studio album, Femme Fatale. The album’s lead single, ” Hold It Against Me ” debuted atop the Billboard Hot , becoming Spears’s fourth number-one single on the chart and making her the second artist in history to have two consecutive singles debut at number one, after Mariah Carey.

Femme Fatale became Spears’s first album in which three of its songs reached the top ten of the chart. The fourth and final single ” Criminal ” was released in September The music video sparked controversy when British politicians criticized Spears for using replica guns while filming the video in a London area that had been badly affected by the England riots.

In May , Spears was hired to replace Nicole Scherzinger as a judge for the second season of the U. Reid , and fellow new judge Demi Lovato , who replaced Paula Abdul.

Spears did not return for the show’s third season. Spears began work on her eighth studio album, Britney Jean , in December , [] and enlisted will. Trawick was also removed as Spears’s co-conservator, restoring her father as the sole conservator. It began on December 27, , and included a total of shows throughout and Britney Jean became Spears’s final project under her original recording contract with Jive, which had guaranteed the release of eight studio albums.

Billboard with first-week sales of , copies, becoming her lowest-peaking and lowest-selling album in the United States. In doing so, it became Spears’s lowest-charting and lowest-selling album in the country. Billboard Hot marking Spears’s 31st entry on the chart and the fifth highest debut of her career on the chart, and her seventh in the top It also marked Spears’s 19th top 20 entry and overall her 23rd top 40 single. The song marked Spears’s highest sales debut since her number-one single ” Hold It Against Me “.

The second single ” Perfume ” premiered in November Billboard Hot Spears announced via Twitter in August that she would be releasing an intimate apparel line called “The Intimate Britney Spears”. It was available to be purchased beginning on September 9, , in the United States and Canada through Spears’s Intimate Collection website.

It was later available on September 25 for purchase in Europe. The company now ships to over countries including Australia and New Zealand. The pair were split in June Entertainment Weekly praised the performance, noting “Spears gave one of her most energetic televised performances in years. The song was released as the fourth single from the album on October 9, In , Spears confirmed via social media that she had begun recording her ninth studio album.

On the decision, Gan stated, “who in our world did not grow up listening to her music? In the publication, Spears revealed that she had suffered from crippling anxiety in the past, and that motherhood played a major role in helping her overcome it. They don’t judge me”, Spears said in the issue.

I just know that I’m excited to get into the studio again and actually have already been back recording. She began dating “Slumber Party”‘s music video co-star Sam Asghari after the two met on set. Spears’s manager Larry Rudolph also announced the residency would not be extended following her contract expiration with Caesars Entertainment at the end of On March 20, , Spears was announced as part of a campaign for French luxury fashion house Kenzo.

In July , Spears released her first unisex fragrance, Prerogative. On January 4, , Spears announced an indefinite hiatus and the cancellation of her Las Vegas residency after her father, Jamie , suffered a near-fatal colon rupture.

They alleged that Jamie had canceled the residency due to Spears’s refusal to take her medication, that he had been holding her in the facility against her will since January after she violated a no-driving rule, and that her conservatorship was supposed to have ended in In a May hearing, Judge Brenda Penny ordered a professional evaluation of the conservatorship. On August 17, , Spears’s court-appointed lawyer, Samuel D. Ingham III, submitted a court filing that documented Spears’s desire to have her conservatorship altered to reflect her wishes as well as lifestyle, to instate Montgomery as her permanent conservator, [] and to replace Jamie with a fiduciary as conservator of her estate.

On June 22, , shortly before Spears was set to speak to the court, The New York Times obtained confidential court documents stating that Spears had pushed for years to end her conservatorship. She said she had lied by “telling the whole world I’m OK and I’m happy”, and that she was traumatized and angry. On July 1, Bessemer Trust asked the judge to allow them to withdraw from the conservatorship, saying that they had been misled and had entered into the arrangement on the understanding that the conservatorship was voluntary.

The court also approved of Spears’s request to hire attorney Mathew S. Rosengart to represent her. Rosengart informed the court that he would be working to terminate the conservatorship.

She mentioned feeling “blessed” after earning “real representation”, referring to Judge Penny’s decision to allow her to choose her own counsel.

Spears has cited Madonna , Janet Jackson , and Whitney Houston as major influences, her “three favorite artists” as a child, whom she would “sing along to According to Spears: “I know when I was younger, I looked up to people And they were major inspirations for me.

But I also had my own identity and I knew who I was. In the book Madonnastyle by Carol Clerk, she is quoted saying: “I have been a huge fan of Madonna since I was a little girl. She’s the person that I’ve really looked up to. I would really, really like to be a legend like Madonna. After meeting Spears face to face, Janet Jackson stated: “she said to me, ‘I’m such a big fan; I really admire you. Everyone gets inspiration from some place.

And it’s awesome to see someone else coming up who’s dancing and singing, and seeing how all these kids relate to her.

A lot of people put it down, but what she does is a positive thing. There are aspects about her that I recognize in myself when I first started out in my career”. Spears is described as a pop artist [19] and generally explores the genre in the form of dance-pop. Spears has explored and heavily incorporated the genres of electropop [] [] and dance music in her records, as well as influences of urban and hip hop , which are most present on In the Zone and Blackout.

In the Zone also experiments with Euro trance , reggae , and Middle Eastern music. She commented that it “took a lot of time I Did It Again address themes such as love and relationships from a teenager’s point of view.

She co-wrote five songs and choose each track’s producer on her third studio album, Britney , which lyrics address the subjects of reaching adulthood, sexuality, and self-discovery.

Spears’s music has also been noted for some catchphrases. The opening in her debut single ” Baby One More Time”, “Oh, baby baby” is considered to be one of her signature lines and has been parodied in the media by various artists such as Nicole Scherzinger and Ariana Grande.

On the initial development of ” Baby One More Time”, Barry Weiss noted Spears’s inception of the catchphrase from her strange ad-libbing during the recording of the song. He commented further, “We thought it was really weird at first. It was strange. It was not the way Max wrote it. But it worked! We thought it could be a really good opening salvo for her. Spears is a soprano.

Baby One More Time , being cited as “[shaping] her voice over the course of a month” upon being signed to Jive Records “to where it is today—distinctively, unmistakably Britney”.

With N’ Sync and the Backstreet Boys, we had to push for that mid-nasal voice. When Britney did that, she got this kind of raspy, sexy voice. Guy Blackman of The Age wrote that “[t]he thing about Spears, though, is that her biggest songs, no matter how committee-created or impossibly polished, have always been convincing because of her delivery, her commitment and her presence. Spears expresses perfectly the conflicting urges of adolescence, the tension between chastity and sexual experience, between hedonism and responsibility, between confidence and vulnerability.

Spears has also been criticized for her reliance on Auto-Tune [] and her vocals being “over-processed” on records. Kayla Upadhyaya of The Michigan Daily has provided a different point of view, stating: “Auto-tuned and over-processed vocals define [Spears]’s voice as an artist, and in her music, auto-tune isn’t so much a gimmick as it is an instrument used to highlight, contort and make a statement.

But backed by Martin and Dr. Luke’s wall of pound, her vocals melt into a mix of babytalk coo and coital panting that is, in its own overprocessed way, just as iconic and propulsive as Michael Jackson ‘s yips or Eminem ‘s snarls. Spears is known for her stage performances, particularly the elaborate dance routines which incorporate “belly-dancing and tempered erotic moves” that are credited with influencing “dance-heavy acts” such as Danity Kane and the Pussycat Dolls.

It’s like an alter-ego type thing. Something clicks and I go and turn into this different person. I think it’s kind of a gift to be able to do that. After her knee injuries and personal problems, Spears’s “showmanship” and dance abilities came under criticism. Spears can appear stiff, even robotic, today, relying on flailing arms and flashy sets.

It has been widely reported that Spears lip-syncs during live performances, [] [] [] which often prompts criticism from music critics and concert goers.

It really pisses me off because I’m busting my ass out there and singing at the same time and nobody ever gives me credit for it”. Right from the start, the pop princess established the lengths of her creativity with some of the most memorable videos of the last three decades.

Baby One More Time” video, rejecting the animation video idea. She also made the “Oops! I Did It Again” video “dance-centric rather than space-centric as her producers suggested”.

She also used her dancer’s intuition to help select the beats for each track. Upon launching her music career with Baby One More Time , Spears was labeled a teen idol , [] and Rolling Stone described her as “the latest model of a classic product: the unneurotic pop star who performs her duties with vaudevillian pluck and spokesmodel charm. I have strong morals. I’d do it again. I thought the pictures were fine. And I was tired of being compared to Debbie Gibson and all of this bubblegum pop all the time.

An early criticism of Spears dismissed her as a “manufactured pop star, the product of a Swedish songwriting factory that had no real hand in either her music or her persona”, which Vox editor Constance Grady assesses as being perpetuated from the fact that Spears debuted in the late s, when music was dominated by rockism , that prizes “so-called authenticity and grittiness of rock above all else”.

Spears’s “slick, breezy pop was an affront to rockist sensibilities, and claiming that Spears was fake was an easy way to dismiss her. Billboard opined that, by the time Spears released her sophomore album Oops! I Did It Again , “There was a shift occurring in both the music and her public image: She was sharper, sexier and singing about more grown-up fare, setting the stage for ‘s Britney , which shed her innocent skin and ushered her into adulthood.

Spears’s erratic behavior and personal problems during — were highly publicized [] and affected both her career and public image. I wrote back then, that I was lost and didn’t know what to do with myself. I was trying to please everyone around me because that’s who I am deep inside.

There are moments where I look back and think: ‘What the hell was I thinking? It’s exhilarating just to be something that you’re not. And people tend to believe it. She said: “Your stories are what inspire me, bring me joy, and make me and my sons strive to be better people. Britney is camp. She is a fashion plate. A doll. Britney is a drag queen. Since her early years in the public eye, Spears has been a tabloid fixture and a paparazzi target.

As a public figure, Spears “has never been known to her fans as a politically active, committed—or even aware—entertainer.

Bush and the Iraq War , saying that “we should just trust our president in every decision that he makes Frazier also said that “the few positions she has taken can hardly be considered conservative”, such as supporting same-sex marriage.

She described Clinton as “an inspiration and [a] beautiful voice for women around the world”. In December , Spears publicly showed support for the DREAM Act in the wake of the announcement that Donald Trump would end the DACA policy, which previously granted undocumented immigrants who came to the country as minors a renewable two-year period of deferred action from deportation. She posted a photo of herself on social media wearing a black T-shirt that reads “We Are All Dreamers” in white letters.

The caption read, “Tell Congress to pass the DreamAct”. We will feed each other, redistribute wealth, strike. We will understand our own importance from the places we must stay”, along with three emoji roses, “a symbol commonly used by the Democratic Socialists of America “. Right now I think we should all do what we can to listen, learn, do better, and use our voices for good.

A few days before the editors’s list was released, Spears was put at the top of the readers voting list of which personalities should be included on the annual Time list.

Deemed an icon of , editors highlighted the impact of her fight against her conservatorship as well as of the FreeBritney movement. In October , Spears thanked her fans and the FreeBritney movement for “freeing me from my conservatorship”.

Referred to as the ” Princess of Pop “, [] [] Spears was credited as one of the “driving force[s] behind the return of teen pop in the late s”. Spears would lead an army of pop stars Glamour magazine contributor Christopher Rosa described her as “one of pop music’s defining voices.

When she emerged onto the scene in with Baby One More Time , the world hadn’t seen a performer like her. Not since Madonna had a female artist affected the genre so profoundly. Baby One More Time” “kicked off a new era of pop vocal stylings that would influence countless artists to come. But most of all, a new star With ” Nothing was ever the same. Spears was at the forefront of the female teen pop explosion starting in and extending through the s, leading the pack of Christina Aguilera , Jessica Simpson , and Mandy Moore.

RCA Records quickly signed Aguilera and rushed her debut single to capitalize on Spears’s success, producing the hit single ” Genie in a Bottle ” in June and Aguilera’s debut album a few months later. Alim Kheraj of Dazed called Spears “one of pop’s most important pioneers”. Since her early days as a Mouseketeer, [Spears] has pushed the boundaries of 21st century sounds, paving the way for a generation of artists to shamelessly embrace glossy pop and redefine how one can accrue consistent success in the music industry.

The fact that she’s one of the most talked about — not just pop stars — but people in the world today, means that you’ve got this star power. She’s still hot, she’s still having hit records and she’s still controversial, there’s a reason for that. Black describes her music as a “love child between” Spears and Marilyn Manson.

Pay homage to the ones who inspire! Spears has been credited with redefining Las Vegas residencies as a retirement place for musicians. Her debut concert residency Britney: Piece of Me was described as “the natural evolution of Celine Dion ‘s powerhourse Vegas residency, a still-charting star of another generation redefining the role of Strip headliner. Spears’s much-publicized personal problems and her subsequent career comeback have inspired some artists.

Gwyneth Paltrow ‘s character in the film Country Strong was inspired by Spears’s treatment by the media. According to film director Shana Fest, “that’s where this movie came from. I mean, I was seeing what was happening in the media to Britney Spears. I think it’s tragic how we treat people who give us so much, and we love to see them knocked down to build them back up again, to knock them down again. Manilow said: “She couldn’t have a life without them pulling up next to her car and following her and driving her crazy to the point where, that was around the time she shaved off her hair.

We all looked at it in horror So it seemed like a thing to be writing an album about. She is listed by the Guinness World Records as having the “Best-selling album by a teenage solo artist” for her debut studio album, Before she turned 20 in , Spears had sold over 37 million albums worldwide”. As of [update] , according to the BBC , she has sold over million records worldwide, [] making her one of the best-selling music artists of all time ; and more than 70 million records in United States, including In , Spears released a limited edition of sunglasses titled Shades of Britney.

In March , Spears was announced as the new face of clothing brand Candie’s. She’s just poised for even greater success. Spears also teamed up with Hasbro in to release an exclusive version of Twister Dance , which includes a remix of “Till the World Ends”. She was also featured on a commercial, which was directed by Ray Kay , to promote the game. In March , it was revealed that Spears would be the face of Kenzo , a contemporary French luxury clothing house.

Spears’s range of commercial deals and products also includes beauty care products and perfumes. She released her first perfume with Elizabeth Arden , Curious in , which broke the company’s first-week gross for a perfume.

In July , a Los Angeles judge denied the request by the company lawyers, claiming the fact that Spears is still under conservatorship. The app officially launched in May and is compatible with iOS and Android. Spears founded The Britney Spears Foundation, a charitable entity set up to help children in need. The philosophy behind the Foundation was that music and entertainment has a healing quality that can benefit children.

In March , Spears was participating in the DoYourPartChallenge, which entails helping people with anything they might need during the coronavirus crisis. She told fans to send her messages on Instagram if they need supportive words during the coronavirus pandemic, with Spears picking three fans. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American pop singer born For the album, see Britney album. For other uses, see Britney disambiguation. McComb, Mississippi , U. Discography songs videography.

Jason Allen Alexander. Kevin Federline. Sam Asghari. Bryan Spears brother Jamie Lynn Spears sister. Pop dance-pop electropop teen pop. Jive RCA. Musical artist. Main article: Britney Spears conservatorship dispute. Spears credits artists such as Madonna left and Janet Jackson as major musical influences. The cover of the Jets ‘s song was Spears’s first recording for her then-label Jive in The track is built around the ‘wobbler’ effect of dubstep , and her vocals are pitched down low, making her sound masculine.

Problems playing these files? See media help. Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Britney Spears. Main articles: Britney Spears products and Britney Spears doll. See also: List of unreleased songs recorded by Britney Spears.

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Archived from the original on February 10, Retrieved May 12, Tribune Media Services. Archived from the original on October 2, Retrieved September 29, Archived from the original on November 17, The software, published in , was the first multi-track digital recorder based on a personal computer.

It was developed by OSC, a small San Francisco company founded the same year, in conjunction with Digidesign and ran on Digidesign’s hardware. The first Pro Tools system was launched on June 5, In , Josh Rosen, Mats Myrberg and John Dalton, the OSC’s engineers who developed Deck, split from Digidesign to focus on releasing lower-cost multi-track software that would run on computers with no additional hardware. Peter Gotcher felt that the software needed a significant rewrite.

Pro Tools II, the first software release fully developed by Digidesign, followed in the same year and addressed its predecessor’s weaknesses. In , Pro Tools 2. With TDM, up to four NuBus cards could be linked, obtaining a track system, while multiple DSP-based plug-ins could be run simultaneously and in real-time. The operation was finalized in This change of architecture allowed the convergence of Macintosh computers with Intel -based PCs, for which PCI had become the standard internal communication bus.

With the release of Pro Tools 24 in , Digidesign introduced a new bit interface the 24 and a new PCI card the d The d24 relied on Motorola processors, offering increased processing power and 24 tracks of bit audio [43] later increased to 32 tracks with a DAE software update.

A SCSI accelerator was required to keep up with the increased data throughput. Digidesign dropped its proprietary SCSI controller in favor of commercially available ones. Pro Tools 5 saw two substantial software developments: extended MIDI functionality and integration in an editable piano-roll view in the editor; MIDI automation, quantize and transpose [36] and the introduction of surround sound mixing and multichannel plug-ins—up to the 7.

The migration from traditional, tape-based analog studio technology to the Pro Tools platform took place within the industry: [19] Ricky Martin ‘s ” Livin’ la Vida Loca ” was the first Billboard Hot number-one single to be recorded, edited, and mixed entirely within the Pro Tools environment, [46] allowing a more meticulous and effortless editing workflow especially on vocals.

While consolidating its presence in professional studios, Digidesign began to target the mid-range consumer market in by introducing the Digi bundle, consisting of a rack-mount audio interface with eight inputs and outputs with bit, Pro Tools, offering a solid and reliable alternative to analog recording and mixing, eventually became a standard in professional studios throughout the decade, while editing features such as Beat Detective introduced with Pro Tools 5.

Pro Tools LE, first introduced and distributed in with the Digi interface, [56] was a specific Pro Tools version in which the signal processing entirely relied on the host CPU. The software required a Digidesign interface to run, which acted as a copy-protection mechanism for the software.

Pro Tools LE shared the same interface of Pro Tools HD but had a smaller track count 24 tracks with Pro Tools 5, extended to 32 tracks with Pro Tools 6 [48] and 48 tracks with Pro Tools 8 [57] and supported a maximum sample rate of 96 kHz [58] depending on the interface used. Pro Tools 9, released in November , dropped the requirement of proprietary hardware to run the software. Core Audio allowed device aggregation, enabling using of more than one interface simultaneously.

In all other cases, it ran as Pro Tools 9 standard, with a smaller track count and some advanced features turned off. In response to Apple’s decision to include Emagic ‘s complete line of virtual instruments in Logic Pro in and following Avid ‘s acquisition of German virtual instruments developer Wizoo in , Pro Tools 8 was supplied with its first built-in virtual instruments library, the AIR Creative Collection, as well as with some new plug-ins, to make it more appealing for music production.

Each card mounted 18 DSP processors, manufactured by Texas Instruments, allowing an increased computational precision bit floating-point resolution for audio processing and bit floating-point summing, versus the previous bit and bit fixed-point resolution of the TDM engine , [4] thus improving dynamic range performance.

Signal processing could be run on the embedded DSP, providing additional computational power and enabling near zero-latency for DSP-reliant plug-ins. Two FPGA chips handled track playback, monitoring, and internal routing, providing a lower round trip latency. To maintain performance consistency, HDX products were specified with a fixed maximum number of voices each voice representing a monophonic channel. Each HDX card enabled simultaneous voices at AAX was developed to provide the future implementation of bit plug-ins, although bit versions of AAX were still used in Pro Tools Notable software features introduced with Pro Tools 10 were editable clip-based gain automation Clip gain , the ability to load the session’s audio data into RAM to improve transport responsiveness Disk caching , quadrupled Automatic Delay Compensation length, audio fades processed in real-time, timeline length extended to 24 hours, support for bit float audio and mixed audio formats within the session, and the addition of Avid Channel Strip plug-in based on Euphonix System 5 console’s channel strip, following Avid’s acquisition of Euphonix in Pro Tools 11, released in June , switched from bit to bit software architecture with new audio and video engines, enabling the application and plug-ins to fully take advantage of system memory.

The new audio engine AAE introduced support of offline bouncing and simultaneous mixdowns multiple sources; dynamic plug-in processing allowed to reduce CPU usage when active native plug-ins don’t receive any input. Two separate buffers were used for playback and for monitoring of record-enabled or input-monitored tracks.

Pro Tools workflow is organized into two main windows: the timeline is shown in the Edit window, while the mixer is shown in the Mix window. The timeline provides a graphical representation of all types of tracks: the audio envelope or waveform when zoomed in for audio tracks, a piano roll showing MIDI notes and controller values for MIDI and Instrument tracks, a sequence of frame thumbnails for video tracks, audio levels for auxiliary, master and VCA master tracks.

Time can be measured and displayed on the timeline in different scales: bars and beats, time or SMPTE timecode with selectable frame rates , audio samples, or film stock feet for audio-for-film referencing based on the 35 mm film format. Elastic Audio must be enabled to allow time stretching of audio clips. Audio and MIDI clips can be moved, cut, and duplicated non-destructively on the timeline edits change the clip organization on the timeline, but source files are not overwritten.

All other types of audio processing can be rendered on the timeline with the AudioSuite non-real-time version of AAX plug-ins. MIDI notes, velocities, and controllers can be edited directly on the timeline, each MIDI track showing an individual piano roll, or in a specific window, where several MIDI and Instrument tracks can be shown together in a single piano roll with color-coding. Multiple MIDI controllers for each track can be viewed and edited on different lanes. Video files can be imported to one or more video tracks and organized in multiple playlists.

Multiple video files can be edited together and played back in real-time. Video output from one video track is provided in a separate window or can be viewed full screen. It also can show additional controls for the inserted virtual instrument , mic preamp gain, HEAT settings, and the EQ curve of supported plug-ins. Audio can be routed to and from different outputs and inputs, both physical and internal.

Internal routing is achieved using busses and auxiliary tracks; each track can have multiple output assignments. Audio, auxiliary, and Instrument tracks or MIDI tracks routed to a virtual instrument plug-in can be committed to new tracks containing their rendered output.

Virtual instruments can be committed to audio to prepare an arrangement project for mixing; track commit is also used to free up system resources during mixing or when the session is shared with systems not having some plug-ins installed.

Multiple tracks can be rendered at a time; it is also possible to render a specific timeline selection and define which range of inserts to render. Similarly, tracks can be frozen with their output rendered at the end of the plug-in chain or at a specific insert of their chain.

Editing is suspended on frozen tracks, but they can subsequently be unfrozen if further adjustments are needed. For example, virtual instruments can be frozen to free up system memory and improve performance while keeping the possibility to unfreeze them to make arrangement changes. The main mix of the session—or any internal mix bus or output path—can be bounced to disk in real-time if hardware inserts from analog hardware are used, or if any audio or MIDI source is monitored live into the session or offline faster-than-real-time.

The selected source can be mixed to mono, stereo, or any other multichannel format. Multichannel mixdowns can be written as an interleaved audio file or in multiple mono files. Up to 24 sources of up to 10 channels each can be mixed down simultaneously—for example, to deliver audio stems. AAF and OMF sequences embed audio and video files with their metadata; when opened by the destination application, session structure is rebuilt with the original clip placement, edits, and basic track and clip automation.

Track contents and any of its properties can be selectively exchanged between Pro Tools sessions with Import Session Data for example, importing audio clips from an external session to a designated track while keeping track settings or importing track inserts while keeping audio clips.

Pro Tools projects can be synchronized to the Avid Cloud and shared with other users on a track-by-track basis. Different users can simultaneously work on the project and upload new tracks or any changes to existing tracks such as audio and MIDI clips, automation, inserted plug-ins, and mixer status or alterations to the project structure such as tempo, meter, or key.

Pro Tools reads embedded metadata in media files to manage multichannel recordings made by field recorders in production sound. All stored metadata such as scene and take numbers, tape or sound roll name, or production comments can be accessed in the Workspace browser. Analogous audio clips are identified by overlapping longitudinal timecode LTC and by one or more user-defined criteria such as matching file length, file name, or scene and take numbers.

An audio segment can be replaced from matching channels for example, to replace audio from a boom microphone with the audio from a lavalier microphone while maintaining edits and fades in the timeline, or any matching channels can be added to new tracks. Up to twelve Pro Tools Ultimate systems with dedicated hardware can be linked together over an Ethernet network—for example, in multi-user mixing environments where different mix components such as dialog, ADR, effects, and music reside on different systems, or if a larger track count or processing power is needed.

Transport, solo, and mute are controlled by a single system and with a single control surface. Pro Tools software is available in a standard edition informally called “Vanilla” [] providing all the key features for audio mixing and post-production, a complete edition officially called “Ultimate” and known as “HD” between and , which unlocks functionality for advanced workflows and a higher track count.

The starter edition of Pro Tools called “First” was discontinued in In mids, Digidesign started working on a studio device that could replace classic analog consoles and provide integration with Pro Tools. ProControl was the first Digidesign control surface, providing motorized, touch-sensitive faders, an analog control room communication section, and connecting to the host computer via Ethernet. ProControl could be later expanded by adding up to five fader packs, each providing eight additional fader strips and controls.

Control 24 added 5. Command 8 and D-Command were the smaller counterparts of Control 24 and D-Control, connected with the host computer via USB; Venue was a similar system specifically designed for live sound applications. They were integrated with Pro Tools along with the EuCon protocols.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Digital audio workstation. For other uses, see Pro Tools disambiguation. Pro Tools List of languages. This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. May Music portal. Retrieved December 17, July 25, Archived from the original on July 25, Sound on Sound.

Retrieved February 5, Retrieved December 18, Pro Tools Concepts. Mixing to Dolby Atmos. Importing and Exporting Session Data. Avid Blogs. Retrieved May 13, EQ Mag. Archived from the original on October 4, Retrieved December 13, May 30, March Archived from the original on June 6, Retrieved January 13, Emulator Archive. February 25, Archived from the original on February 25, August Retrieved June 20, Retrieved January 7, November Retrieved January 12, Music Technology.

Production Expert. The New York Times. ISSN


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